Pioneering project in France aims to produce low-carbon cement from demolished concrete
AS part of their decarbonization strategy, Heidelberg Materials have pioneered a large-scale closed-loop recycling project called CIRCO₂BETON. Marking a first in France, the company will install an industrial-scale selective separation platform at its Achères Quarry, near Paris, where demolished concrete will be crushed using novel processes and separated into its components: sand, aggregates, and recycled concrete paste (RCP).
The high-quality recycled sand and aggregates will be reincorporated into new concrete, whilst the RCP will be transported to the company’s Ranville cement plant in the Normandy region. There, a reactor for enforced carbonation will be installed to carbonate the RCP by exposing it to CO2-containing exhaust gases from the kiln. The carbonated RCP acts as a carbon sink and will replace clinker in new low-carbon cement types. The project is said to have the potential to reduce the CO2 emissions of the Ranville cement plant by 20%.
CIRCO₂BETON is supported by the ‘Investment for the Future’ Program (PIA) co-ordinated by the Ecological Transition Agency (ADEME). In addition, the Île-de-France region supports the selective separation plant at Achères through its zero-waste and circular-economy plan. Subject to the funding, construction of both industrial pilots is scheduled to start in 2024, with production of RCP starting in 2025. The carbonation reactor is planned to be operational by 2026.
‘This most recent investment in France underlines Heidelberg Materials’ strong commitment to decarbonize our products and drive the circular economy in the construction industry,’ said Jon Morrish (pictured), member of the managing board with responsibility for Western and Southern Europe. ‘It’s great to see this pioneering project being supported by the ‘Investment for the Future’ Program and the Île-de-France region. The project will help to significantly decrease Heidelberg Materials’ carbon footprint in France.’
Dr Nicola Kimm, chief sustainability officer and member of the managing board, added: ‘We are investing in a pioneering large-scale project based on innovative process technologies. Selective separation and CO2 mineralization are important levers to reduce the carbon footprint of our products. By closing the materials loop, we prove that concrete has the potential to be the most sustainable building product over its entire life cycle from production to recycling.’
Heidelberg Materials say the project is fully in line with their climate strategy, which has set targets to reduce specific net CO2 emissions per tonne of cementitious material by 47% by 2030 compared with 1990. The company also aims to achieve 50% of its revenue from sustainable products that are either low-carbon or circular by 2030, and to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 at the latest.